732

The objective of this study is to analyze the short-term effects of atmospheric pollutant concentrations (PM10, NO2 and O3) and heat and cold waves on the number of pre-term births and cases of low birth weight related to Saharan dust advection and biomass combustion. The dependent variables used in this analysis were the total number of births, births with low […]

DOI: DOI
Published Year: 2020
Status: Published

Transport plays an integral role in socio-economic participation in any given society. Yet, traditional urban transport planning has neglected this important role and has limited its focus on the efficiency of the transport network itself, thereby overlooking the more difficult to measure socio-economic implications. This chapter reports on the use of accessibility metrics in evaluating social and spatial equity in […]

Published Year: 2019
Status: Accepted/In press

High temperatures have periodically affected large areas in Europe and urban settings. In particular, the deadly 2003 summer heat waves precipitated a multitude of national and subnational health prevention and research efforts. Building on these and other international experiences the WHO Regional Office for Europe developed and published in 2008 a comprehensive framework for prevention, the heat-health action plans (HHAPs). […]

DOI: DOI
Published Year: 2019
Status: Published

Economic development requires energy support, but the economy that relies too much on high energy consumption and high pollution is not sustainable. However, due to blind investment and low-level expansion of some new energy companies, some new energy industry has overcapacity and low production efficiency, slowing down the pace of new energy industry development, and limiting the development space of […]

DOI: DOI
Published Year: 2019
Status: Published

The role of technology in combatting climate change through mitigation and adaptation to its inevitable impacts has been acknowledged and highlighted by the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In the developing world, this has received particular attention through the technology needs assessment (TNA) process. As Parties put forward their national pledges to combat climate […]

DOI: DOI
Published Year: 2019
Status: Published

Literature on science and technology parks (STPs) lacks a systematic understanding of how regional contextual factors affect the performance of STPs. Most studies focus on park-internal factors and neglect the regional context and connections when evaluating STPs’ performance. This paper provides new insight on the role of regional factors for STPs by combining and discussing existing studies on STP performance […]

DOI: DOI
Published Year: 2019
Status: Accepted/In press
Number of Pages: 21

Energy policies play an important role in accelerating ‘sustainable transitions’ by enabling and incentivizing investment in electricity generation from renewable sources. Key policies such as feed-in tariffs, tradable permits and auctions were pioneered in OECD nations, notably within the European Union, and in recent years have been the subject of donor-funded projects to transfer such policies to lower-income countries. However, […]

DOI: DOI
Published Year: 2019
Status: Published

Article 6 of the Paris Agreement aims to increase NDC ambition by mitigating emissions through voluntary cooperation among Parties. Such cooperation is pursued in three different ways: 1) decentralized cooperative approaches that involveInternationally transferable mitigation outcomes (ITMOs, described in Art. 6.2), 2) a centralized mechanism that generates emission reductions and contributes to sustainable development (Art. 6.4) and/or 3) non-market approaches […]

A zero-emission pathway for the Nordic and Baltic region in Europe is described based on the comprehensive policy and scenario analyses, accompanied by energy system modelling. The analyses show that a least-cost strategy would massively employ renewable energy, particularly in the power sector. Through strong coupling across energy sectors and countries, electricity would play a central role in the decarbonization […]

DOI: DOI
Published Year: 2019
Status: Published